VAP-A intrinsically disordered regions enable versatile tethering at membrane contact sites - Faculté des Sciences de Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Developmental Cell Year : 2023

VAP-A intrinsically disordered regions enable versatile tethering at membrane contact sites

Abstract

Membrane contact sites (MCSs) are heterogeneous in shape, composition, and dynamics. Despite this diversity, VAP proteins act as receptors for multiple FFAT motif-containing proteins and drive the formation of most MCSs that involve the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Although the VAP-FFAT interaction is well characterized, no model explains how VAP adapts to its partners in various MCSs. We report that VAP-A localization to different MCSs depends on its intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) in human cells. VAP-A interaction with PTPIP51 and VPS13A at ER-mitochondria MCS conditions mitochondria fusion by promoting lipid transfer and cardiolipin buildup. VAP-A also enables lipid exchange at ER-Golgi MCS by interacting with oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) and CERT. However, removing IDRs from VAP-A restricts its distribution and function to ER-mitochondria MCS. Our data suggest that IDRs do not modulate VAP-A preference toward specific partners but do adjust their geometry to MCS organization and lifetime constraints. Thus, IDR-mediated VAP-A conformational flexibility ensures membrane tethering plasticity and efficiency.
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Dates and versions

hal-04043251 , version 1 (23-03-2023)

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Mélody Subra, Manuela Dezi, Joëlle Bigay, Sandra Lacas-Gervais, Aurélie Di Cicco, et al.. VAP-A intrinsically disordered regions enable versatile tethering at membrane contact sites. Developmental Cell, 2023, 58 (2), pp.121-138.e9. ⟨10.1016/j.devcel.2022.12.010⟩. ⟨hal-04043251⟩
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